Wendell and Ken
I am a farmer, and I fear that my words will sound rustic and plain when I try to speak about our world situation. It is complex, experts say, and dangerous too, no fit subject for a tiller of the soil. And yet I have watched things grow, bear fruit and die under many circumstances and have come to believe
that the health of my little garden and the health of this
world bear a relationship stronger than analogical. -Ken King, found writing
Wendell Berry and Ken King never met; it's uncertain if Ken even read any of Berry's writing. Yet both men, deep thinkers and lifelong "tillers of the soil," drew a resonant guidance from living and working in tune with nature's cycles. Berry published many thoughtful volumes of poetry and essays; Ken has left us provocative snippets. Each man, in his own way, expresses a wisdom inextricably tied to the "simple" act of working the land, and succeeding when working with nature.
Berry's concern, in his essay, Life is a Miracle, is with the "modern superstition": an infallible belief in a scientific, and therefore mechanistic, ability to describe and understand the world. Ken King would have agreed, that "...to treat life as mechanical or predictable or understandable is to reduce it. Now, almost suddenly, it is becoming clear that to reduce life to the scope of our understanding (whatever 'model' we use) is inevitably to enslave it, make property of it, and put it up for sale." *
Berry goes on:By almost any standard, it seems to me, the reclassification of the world from creature to machine must involve at least a perilous reduction of moral
complexity. So must the shift in our attitude toward the creation from reverence to understanding. So must the shift in our perceived relationship to nature from that of steward to that of absolute owner, manager, and engineer. So must even our permutation of 'holy' to 'holistic.' *
In suffering [life] and rejoicing in it as it is, we know that we do not and
cannot understand it completely. We know, moreover, that we do not wish to have it appropriated by somebody's claim to have understood it. Though we have life, it is beyond us. We do not know how we have it, or why. We do not know what is going to happen to it, or us. It is not predictable; though we can destroy it, we cannot make it. It cannot, except by reduction and grave risk of damage, be controlled. It is, as Blake said, holy. To think otherwise is to enslave life, and to make, not humanity, but a few humans its predictable inept masters.
We need a new Emancipation Proclamation, not for a specific race or species, but for life itself... *
Okay, Mr. Berry, you have it! Ken King was similarly concerned by the manipulation of natural forces, ostensibly in the name of scientific research, that threatened to pauper the natural world for the profit of a few. Ken didn't use a quill (or a computer), and although not modeled on the Emancipation Proclamation, Mr. Berry would no doubt be a signer to the:
Declaration of Interdependence
When in the course of human events it becomes necessary for one people to transcend political boundaries and assume among the powers of Earth the true status of co-creators, conscious enlightened aspects of Gaia, a decent respect for the Dharma of human experience requires that they describe the basis for this new awareness.
We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all beings are equally creative, that they endow and are endowed with certain inalienable rights and responsibilities, that among these are Life, Freedom and Love for all creation; that to express these sublime traits they bond together as self-governing entities with compassion, wisdom and joy, that any other bonds or institutions which are not conducive to these ends may, and should be, firmly renounced.
Prudence indeed will dictate that laws and governments are not always wrong and evil, but when a long train of corrption, insensitivity and greed, all pointing to one end, evinces a design to reduce human life to mere mechanical response at best, to threaten all life with extinction at worst, it is the right, it is the duty, to throw off such a government.
Such has been the patient suffering of humans, of Gaia herself. We therefore, Representatives of the Living Universe, appealing to the Supreme Judge of the World for the rectitude of our intentions, and by the authority of our love for one another and for all conscious life, solemnly declare and publish and celebrate that we are free though interdependent beings, that we are absolved from any allegiance to obsolete cultural, racial or ethnic bias, and that all such prejudices are dissolved; that as enlightened, free and interdependent beings we have the responsibility and full power to express our mutual love and gratitude and to do all other things that true participants in Creation should do.
And for the support of this Declaration and with the firm reliance on the strength of Truth we mutually pledge to each other and to all Creation our bodies, our minds and our inherent divinity. **
No, Wendell and Ken never met. But as they dug their hands into the soil, and looked up at the sky, felt the breeze and listened to the birds singing - they were connected. And if they had met, the conversation may have moved to socio-political concerns, but more likely they would have traded garden stories, shared favorite tomato varieties, and walked the land together.
*from Life is a Miracle, an essay against modern superstition, by Wendell Berry, 2000
**Declaration of Interdependence, by Ken King, first published in The New Gaia, 1996